COVID-19 Pandemic: Why Patients Need to Control Their Own Health Data
We’re in the throes of a global pandemic. Healthcare providers must focus on fighting COVID-19, but we can’t afford to ignore the reason we’re going into this fight blind. Our best weapon is our own healthcare data. We are going to learn many things from this pandemic, not least of which is that the way we thought about data ownership over the previous decade needs to change.
Pandemics represent a system-wide attack on healthcare. Our best responses rely on social distancing, telemedicine, and the ability to measure the spread of the disease. All of these functions are powered by patient data. But if patients can’t easily share that data with healthcare providers, it has little value in the fight against COVID-19.
But this isn’t just about using telemedicine to fight COVID-19 directly by asking symptomatic patients to first video-conference with their doctors before coming for an in-person exam. Telemedicine also plays a critical role more broadly. Flattening the curve places an enormous burden on the entire healthcare system—from dental and vision, to mental health, and everything in between—because it forces us to deprioritize nonessential functions.
Our ability to expand emergency healthcare capacity depends on the extent to which healthcare providers can serve patients remotely. That’s an enormous task in a nation where, according to CDC data, six out of every ten Americans have a chronic medical conditions, and four out of ten Americans have two chronic conditions.
What, you might ask, is the problem with scaling telemedicine during the current crisis? After all, we have the technology, right? That’s true—we do have a lot of tools for remote provider-patient communications as well as the ability to transmit vital healthcare data. What’s missing is good public policy around patient data. Put simply, we don’t own our own healthcare data, which means the information providers need to keep us healthy is both heavily siloed and difficult for patients to disseminate.
In response to the pandemic, the federal government loosened HIPAA rules, allowing doctors to communicate with their patients over consumer platforms like Facebook messenger, or video-conferencing solutions like Zoom. That’s a good step, one that follows on the heels of a new rule issued in early March (unrelated to the pandemic response) that allows patients to access and download their health records with third-party apps.
Here’s how National Coordinator for Health IT Doctor Donald Rucker explained the new health records rule: “This is an unprecedented rule allowing the safe and secure access of health information. Americans will now have electronic access to their health information on their smartphone if they chose. The rule requires hospitals and doctors to provide software access points to their electronic health record (EHR) databases.”
But smartphones have been around for more than a decade. For most Americans, regardless of age, their smartphone has been an indispensable tool for many years now. Why did it take so long to put our health data at our fingertips?
One reason is consumers don’t control their own data in the U.S. Broadly speaking, the apps, platforms, and tools that make up our digital economy adhere to a default rule that puts the data under control of the company, rather than the consumer. To a degree, healthcare is part of this larger trend that creates data-haves and data have-nots. But this trend plays out in two ways that are unique to healthcare.
First, when it comes to healthcare, the stakes are literally life and death. The downside risks of ceding personal control of your data to a social media platform aren’t anywhere near the same as losing the ability to control your health data and easily share it with your provider.
Second, while many companies in the broader digital space have moved fast and broken things without regard for consumer privacy, healthcare has taken a different, perhaps more cynical, approach. Safeguarding patient’s privacy is a paramount concern. But privacy concerns haven’t necessarily been the prime motivation for healthcare administrators who fought against rules that would make it easier for patient to own and share their data. What has happened here is that the data-haves of the healthcare industry have hoarded data that doesn’t belong to them, and in the process, they’ve built siloes that make it difficult to deliver quality care in normal times, and harder still to do so in response to a national emergency. That needs to stop.
There’s an old saying that every crisis has an opportunity. We are in a crisis. We’re also facing an opportunity to embrace a patient-centric model for data ownership. Healthcare providers should vigorously embrace the new rules governing patient data, but going forward they must also challenge the data-hoarding mindset that has dominated medicine in the digital age. Our health is just too important to be a data-mining play.
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